Guide to contemporary art or how to understand the incomprehensible!

Styles in art have no clear boundaries, they smoothly transform one into another and are in continuous development, mixing . Within the framework of one historical artistic style, a new one is always born, and that, in turn, passes into the next. Many of them exist at the same time and therefore there is no “pure style”.

Contemporary art is not a direction, not a genre or a style. This is what is happening now, and is the object of study. Time boundaries are blurred. The authors of contemporary art with the help of the “object” created by them, explain to us what our world is like now, and do it with the help of various means of expression, be it painting or installation. Works of living artists - this is a story about how they feel our time. So let's see what styles and trends exist now.

If these are colored squiggles and spots, as if the artist had painted paint wholeheartedly, then this is abstract expressionism. Masters of abstract impressionism were - Jackson Polok, Mark Rothko, Willem de Kooning, Franz Cline, Lee Krasner.

If this is a urinal, just turned upside down, for example, (as the artist Marcel Duchamp called “The Fountain”), then this is definitely ready-made. Representatives were - Marcel Duchamp, Alberto Giacometti, Juan Miro.

If you see on the picture something blurry or spreading,then it is most likely surrealism. Outstanding surrealists were - Salvador Dali, Rene Magritte, Joan Miro, Giorgio de Chirico, Max Ernst.

When you can not understand that in front of you is a picture drawn by an artist or a photograph captured by a photographer, that means hyperrealism. Representatives of hyperrealism were: Chuck Close, Richard Estes, Charles Bell.

Someone cut a picture from a magazine or colored a picture? This is exactly pop art. Fame pop art brought - Robert Rauschenberg, Roy Lichtenstein, Jasper Johns, James Rosenquist and of course Andy Warhol.
If you ask yourself a question: is this an illusionist trick or has I bewitched? that is exactly optical art. Representatives of op-art were - Riley Bridget, Yaakov Agam, Richard Allen, Joseph Albers, Getulio Alviani.
If you see clear lines, squares, as if drawn by a compass - that means you see a picture in the style of constructivism. Outstanding representatives of this direction are Alexander Rodchenko, Vladimir Tatlin.
If an artist dances in an incomprehensible costume, lies on the floor in the shape of a star, or plays the piano upside down - this is called a performance. Fame to this direction brought - Chris Burden, Yoko Ono, Joseph Beuys, Marina Abramovich, Lori Anderson.
Happening is almost the same as the performance, only with the participation of the audience. No one knows what can happen, but everyone is watching. Representatives of this trend were - John Cage, Jim Dine, Jean-Jacques Lebel.
You enter the hall and there are chairs with nails or elements of household appliances suspended from the ceiling, don’t worry, this is an installation. The masters of the installation were - Marcel Duchamp, Joseph Beuys, Robert Rauschenberg.

We sincerely hope that through this article, modern art will become a little clearer and closer to you!